Senior Secured Convertible Notes Payable (in default)
|3 Months Ended|
Nov. 30, 2019
|Senior Secured Convertible Notes Payable (in default)|
|Note 4: Senior Secured Convertible Notes Payable (in default)||
The Company has issued three series of senior secured convertible notes payable. In general, each series is convertible into common shares of the Company. Senior Secured Convertible Notes Payable consist of the following:
The following table rolls forward the Convertible Notes Payable balances from August 31, 2019 to November 30, 2019:
The following table outlines the gross principal balance rollforward for each series from August 31, 2019 to November 30, 2019. Each series is described in further detail below.
During the quarters ended November 30, 2019 and 2018 the Company amortized $853,000 and $798,000, respectively, to interest expense from the combined amortization of deferred financing costs and note discounts recorded at issuance for the June 2018 and March 2019 Notes.
To date, the holders of the June Notes have converted $8,534,000 of principal, holders of December 2018 Notes have converted $22,000 of principal, and holders of March 2019 Notes have converted $275,000 of principal into common shares of the Company. There were no conversions of convertible notes during the fiscal quarter ending November 30, 2019.
On June 3, 2019, one of its institutional investors filed a claim in the United States District Court, Southern District of New York seeking preliminary injunctive relief against the Company to immediately deliver one million shares of the Company’s common stock and to honor all future conversion requests duly submitted in accordance with the terms of the notes.
On June 7, 2019, and June 10, 2019, the Company received notices from two of its institutional investors that the Company was in default due to missed principal and interest payments under the terms of the Notes. On June 27, 2019, the Company reported that is has informed its convertible note holders that it will cease honoring conversion requests of the 2018 and 2019 Notes forcing a voluntary default of these instruments. The Company is pursuing a renegotiation and amendment of these instruments in an effort to avoid litigation. The Company is requesting to amend the terms of the notes to remove the conversion features and revise the cash amortization, among other items.
On December 5, 2019, the Company entered into an exchange agreement with the holder of a majority of its March 2019 Convertible Notes. The exchange agreement and the related revised March 2019 note agreement revised the conversion price to $40.00 per share, extended the term of the March 2019 notes to March 1, 2022, provided for a revised quarterly amortization schedule beginning April 1, 2020, and removed certain anti-dilution terms of the related March 2019 warrants. The holder also exchanged $222,000 of December 2018 Notes by extending the term to coincide with the revised term of the March 2019 notes and for the revised amortization schedule. The Company agreed to issue an additional $200,000 of consideration to the holder, payable in common stock, as consideration for this exchange and agreed to increase the principal outstanding on the notes exchanged by 10% from $222,000 for the December 2018 notes to $244,000 and from $2,445,000 for the March 2019 notes to $2,890,000. On December 11, 2019, the Company issued 21,750 shares of common stock to the holder in satisfaction of the additional $200,000 of consideration. As of November 30, 2019, after the exchange as described in Note 9, the Company classified $778,000 of the $1,245,000 carrying value of the notes exchanged as long-term liabilities.
See also Note 8 for litigation related to the Convertible Notes Payable.
From June 10, 2019 until November 30, 2019, the Company has accrued interest at the default interest rate for all note series representing approximately $0.6 million of additional interest payable of which $0.3 million is attributable to the quarter ending November 30, 2019. The Company has accrued an additional $1.8 million to accrued default liabilities as of November 30, 2019 and August 31, 2019, representing potential liability associated with the default of the notes payable for default premium, potential liquidating damages, and other costs associated with the notes in default.
June 2018 Senior Convertible Notes (in default)
On June 4, 2018, the Company issued $10 million of senior convertible notes (“June 2018 Notes”) to institutional investors with an original issue discount of $1 million for a purchase price of $9 million. The notes bear interest at a rate of 8%, with one year’s interest guaranteed, and have a maturity date of September 4, 2019. The Notes remain outstanding as of November 22, 2019. The company received cash proceeds of $8.4 million representing the $9 million purchase price, reduced by approximately $0.6 million of financing costs directly related to the issuance of the June 2018 Notes.
Concurrent with the sale of the June 2018 Notes, the Company granted warrants to purchase 25,101 shares of common stock to its institutional investors and warrants to purchase 5,422 shares of common stock to its investment banker as placement fees, at an exercise price of $99.60, subject to down round price protection adjustment, as defined in the agreements. The warrants were valued at the date of issuance using the lattice-based option pricing model at $86.80 per warrant. Both the June 2018 Notes and the related warrants were issued with registration rights, whereby the Company was obligated to register the shares underlying the June 2018 Notes or was subject to registration rights penalties.
The terms of June 2018 notes are summarized as follows:
December 2018 Notes (in default)
On December 20, 2018, the Company entered into settlement agreements with its institutional investors, which resolved all disputes relating to technical defaults by the Company in failing to meet deadlines for filing a registration statement and for having a registration statement effective by the SEC. As a result of such settlement, the Company issued additional notes (“December 2018 Notes” in the amount of $889,000 on substantially the same terms as the June 2018 Notes except that the stated interest rate was 0% and the term of the December 2018 Notes was December 31, 2019. There was no recorded discount or deferred financing costs for the December 2018 Notes issued.
March 2019 Bridge Financing (in default)
On March 12, 2019, the Company issued convertible notes in the principal amount of $4,750,000 with an original issue discount of $1 million for a purchase price of $3,750,000 to certain of its existing institutional investors (“March 2019 Notes”) and mature on September 12, 2020. The Company received net cash proceeds of $3.3 million to be used for mobile application development and working capital. The Company incurred approximately $0.5 million of debt issuance costs that are incremental costs directly related to the issuance of the bridge financing senior convertible notes payable.
The terms of the March 2019 convertible notes are summarized as follows:
In connection with the note, the Company issued 74,387 warrants (“March 2019 Warrants”), exercisable at $70, with a five-year term. The Company evaluated the warrants issued and determined that they were derivative liabilities. The Company estimated the fair value of the warrants using the Lattice pricing model. The key valuation assumptions used consist, in part, of the price of the Company’s common stock of $63.60, a risk-free interest rate of 2.49% and expected volatility of the Company’s common stock of 122%, resulting in a fair value of $3,917,000.
The Company estimated the aggregate fair value of the conversion feature derivative embedded in the debenture (“March 2019 Conversion Feature”) at issuance at $2,421,000 based on weighted probabilities of assumptions using the Lattice pricing model. The key valuation assumptions used consist, in part, of the price of the Company’s common stock of $63.60, a risk-free interest rate of 2.49% and expected volatility of the Company’s common stock of 122%, and the various estimated reset exercise prices weighted by probability.
This resulted in the calculated fair value of the debt discount resulted from bifurcating the warrants and the conversion feature being greater than the face amount of the debt and the original issue discount, and the excess amount of $2.6 million was immediately expensed as financing costs.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef